Papillomas appear in people infected with HPV. External manifestations appear due to reduced immunity and as a result of a number of different factors. Papillomas rarely cause discomfort when they appear on the body, however, with multiple localization or crowded places, neoplasms can hurt or become damaged and look unattractive. In addition, there is a risk of malignancy of papillary lesions. How to remove papillomas on the body and which method is most effective? Read about it in our article.
Is it possible and necessary to remove papillomas on the body?
The need to remove neoplasms is explained by the "cleansing" of the skin from neoplasms and the prevention of skin cancer. If the basis of removal is to improve appearance, then a patient's wish is enough.
With the instability of papillomatous growths, when the neoplasm has a tendency to become malignant or significantly affects the patient's quality of life, clinicians insist on surgical removal.
The indications for removal are the following conditions:
- constant traumatization from clothing, jewelry;
- damage to the mucous membranes (oral cavity, genitals);
- neoplasms with localization on the eyelids;
- growing papillomas, unstable in shape, shadows;
- plantar warts.
Many patients are afraid to remove neoplasms because of various myths about dangers, complications, severe pain and long-term rehabilitation. In fact, modern surgery virtually eliminates all of these "difficulties". Modern methods of removal are practically bloodless, do not leave scars and scars, and radically and safely solve the problem of viral neoplasms.
Self-treatment is unacceptable for several reasons:
- First, without special studies, it is impossible to determine the nature of the growth and the tendency of its malignancy.
- Second, non-sterile conditions are a direct gateway for infection and the development of complications in the area of removal.
Which doctor removes papillomas on the body?
Treatment of manifestations of human papillomavirus infection is an area of study for dermatologists, oncologists and surgeons. When localizing nodal growths in the oral cavity, it is necessary to consult an otolaryngologist, when papillomas are found in the anus - a proctologist.
Depending on the location of the new growths, consultation with specialized doctors is required.
You can eliminate papillary growths on the body of any localization by medical or surgical methods. Clinicians usually use both methods at once, since it is important to affect not only the tumor, but also the cause of its occurrence - the activity of viral strains.
In some cases, just drug therapy is enough, and the external manifestations of HPV go away on their own.
Unfortunately, there is no adequate therapy that can remove pathogenic environments from the body, but healing papillomas on the body for local and systemic purposes suppresses the activity of viruses, destroys the structure of growths and improves immunity.
The main drugs for the complex elimination of human papillomavirus infection are:
- antiviral agents;
- immunomodulatory drugs;
- vitamin complexes.
In case of infection or bacterial inflammation of the growths, antibiotics and antiseptics are prescribed to prevent the infection from spreading throughout the body.
Of great importance are local drugs that directly affect neoplasms. Such drugs have a drying or cauterizing effect.
Surgical removal methods
Modern cosmetology and hardware surgery has several effective methods. Quality removal practically eliminates the risk of malignancy and secondary infection of the wound surface. Rehabilitation consists only of wearing a sterile bandage and regular antiseptic treatment.
There are several main methods of removal on the body.
The radical method of papilloma excision is chosen quite rarely and according to special indications. The procedure is carried out only under inpatient conditions under anesthesia.
Evidence of tampering is as follows:
- extensive damage area;
- impressive size of the neoplasm;
- suspected malignancy;
- Instability and constant traumatization of the tumor.
After the operation, the recovery is quite long and requires regular monitoring.
The only advantage of radical removal is the ability to preserve the papillary structure and examine the sample using histological methods.
Cauterization of papillomas with liquid nitrogen or cryodestruction is most often used for removal on the body due to the availability and low cost of the method.
Under the influence of cold crystals, the tumor is destroyed from the inside, turns black, and then disappears. The disadvantage of the method is the risk of damage to healthy tissues, as well as the incomplete destruction of the papillomatous focus with its impressive size. The method is not used to remove neoplasms on the face due to the possibility of scarring.
During the manipulation, it is permissible to treat the skin with special analgesic solutions to relieve pain.
Laser excision is one of the most popular methods of treating skin growths of any localization. The laser literally evaporates moisture from the neoplasm, affects not only the body, but also the root of the papilloma. The operation is performed under local anesthesia.
Given the bloodlessness of the manipulation, it is enough to apply a sterile bandage to the wound surface.
The device reliably regulates the depth and intensity of the laser radiation, so that the risk of burns is practically eliminated. Scars or scars are very rare.
Cauterization by electric current
Electroshock or electrocoagulation is a popular method of removing papillary lesions. High-frequency currents act on papillomatous foci and at the same time desolate the vessels. The manipulation is carried out under local anesthesia.
Electrocoagulation of papillomas is effective against large and small growths, for local and multiple neoplasms.
The disadvantages include the risk of scar tissue, the possibility of tumor recurrence, since the root of growth is not removed during electrocoagulation.
exposure to radio waves
A special knife that delivers radio waves is used for the removal process. Papilloma is quickly removed without damaging healthy areas of the skin. Relapses are completely absent, as are painful sensations.
The method is effective for small neoplasms of a benign nature.
Another specific removal method that requires high accuracy from a specialist in order to avoid damage to healthy tissues around the papilloma. These preparations are based on salicylic acid, Spanish fly extract.
Popular remedies include podophyllotoxin and cantharidin. An injection of an antiviral drug containing a mixture of glycopeptide antibiotics is injected into large growths.
Alternative medicine against papillomas
There are some effective methods of removing papillary lesions using folk remedies.
The basis of recipes for small papillomas includes the following ingredients:
- celandine juice;
- Castor oil;
- Apple Cider Vinegar;
- garlic and onion juice.
The course of treatment of papillomatous lesions at home is always long, but the "grandmother's" methods do not eliminate the main cause of the rash.
It is unacceptable to use aggressive disposal methods such as:
- silk thread binding:
- Chemical burns from fire, concentration of acetic acid, gasoline and other toxic substances.
All these barbaric methods only aggravate the clinical picture, lead to injuries and serious damage to the skin and mucous membrane.
Which method is the most efficient?
Many clinicians recommend laser removal in the fight against papillomatous lesions.
The advantages of the method are:
- concomitant sclerosis of blood vessels;
- no risk of bleeding and infection;
- impact speed;
- absence of scars, scars;
- quick recovery;
- the possibility of removing neoplasms in the first stages of malignancy.
The disadvantages of laser removal include its high cost and the inability to save the papillomatous focus for further research on oncological DNA.
Removal is important only in a specialized clinic. Specialists can correctly assess the nature of the papilloma and organize a high-quality removal without the risk of complications.
How to get rid of small papillomas on the body?
A lot of small papillomas on the body are a sign of an intensive spread of the infection, a pronounced weakening of the body. The main method of treatment is drug therapy to stop viral activity. After treatment, you can begin to remove external manifestations.
Procedures of surgical treatment are often combined to achieve maximum results. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the pathological process and the nature of the viral rash. There is no specific prophylaxis against papillomavirus infection, but doctors recommend following simple rules: an orderly sex life, proper hygiene, timely medical consultations in case of suspicious neoplasms on the body.
Be healthy and happy!